Newly constructed houses are often built with smart housing infrastructure in the area. Older homes, on the other hand, can be remodeled with ingenious technology. While many smart home apps are still running on X10 or Insteon, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi have grown in popularity.
Zigbee and Z-Wave are two of the most common flexible home communication protocols used today. Both use mesh network technology, short distance, low-power radio signals to connect smart home systems. Although both direct the same smart home applications, Z-Wave has a width of 30 to 10 meters Zigbee, while Zigbee is often seen as the most complex of both. Zigbee chips are available at most companies, while Z-Wave chips are only available at Sigma Designs.
A smart home is not a collection of different smart devices and electronic devices, but those that work together to build a remote control network. All devices are controlled by a default home automation controller, often referred to as a smart home hub. A smart home hub is a hardware device that serves as the centerpiece of a smart home system and capable of hearing, data processing and wireless communication. It combines all the different apps into one smart home app that can be remotely controlled by homeowners. Examples of smart home hub include Amazon Echo, Google Home, Insteon Hub Pro, Samsung SmartThings and Wink Hub.
Some smart home systems can be created from scratch, for example, using the Raspberry Pi or other prototyping board. Some can be purchased as a smart integrated home kit - also known as a smart home forum - that contains the pieces needed to start a dynamic home project.
In simple smart home settings, events can be timed or configured. Timed events are based on a clock, for example, to lower the curtains at 6:00 p.m., while activated events are based on default system actions; for example, when the owner's smartphone approaches the door, the smart lock opens and the smart lights illuminate.
Machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) are becoming increasingly popular in intelligent home systems, allowing flexible home applications to adapt to their own environment. For example, voice-enabled systems, such as Amazon Echo or Google Home, contain visual assistants who learn and make the smart home your own preferences and patterns for residents.